Eyes are an amazing part of our bodies that we often don’t think or even really know that much about. Did you know that over 3/4th of your memories are made up of images? Did you know your eye has 6 muscles and 12 million photoreceptors? Eyes help our brain and body to see and perceive so much around us. However, if not properly taken care of, our eyes can be easily damaged due to aging and poor eye care habits.
What to Know About Eyes
It’s fairly typical that most people don’t think about eye care until they have a problem with their eyes or their vision. But your eyes can be easily injured and damaged from common every day wear and tear. Your eyes can be sunburned if you don’t wear the right sunglasses. They can be exposed to harmful chemicals or fragments depending on your home or work environment, and it doesn’t take much to scratch a cornea or even detach a retina. The National Eye Institute gives 10 tips for maintaining basic eye and vision health.
1. Have a comprehensive dilated eye exam.
2. Know your family’s eye health history.
3. Eat right to protect your sight.
4. Maintain a healthy weight to avoid developing “systemic conditions”.
5. Wear protective eyewear.
6. Don’t smoke!
7. Wear sunglasses that protect against UV radiation.
8. Clean your hands and contact lenses to avoid infections.
9. Give your eyes a rest from ongoing eyestrain.
10. Practice workplace eye safety.
Each of these suggestions will help you with the everyday issues your eyes face that can have damaging effects. Utilizing these suggestions may help you avoid more serious chronic issues later in your life.
Diseases That Can Affect Your Eyes and Vision
Unfortunately, even if you regularly care for your eyes there will be unavoidable diseases that some individuals may have to deal with. The Centers for Disease Control list some of the common eye and vision problems you need to watch for.
-Refractive errors: nearsighted, farsighted, or astigmatism which is distorted vision at all distances.
-Age related macular degeneration: damaging sharp and central vision.
-Cataract: this is a clouding of the eye’s lens and is the leading cause of blindness worldwide.
-Diabetic retinopathy: it is a condition brought on by diabetes that can lead to blindness.
-Glaucoma: it is actually a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve causing loss of vision and blindness.
-Amblyopia: sometimes known as “lazy eye”, it is when the vision in one eye is reduced because the eye and brain are not working together correctly.
-Strabismus: an imbalance in the positioning of eyes which may cause them to be crossed or turn out, causing an inability to focus or coordinate vision.
Some of these conditions are more age related including those prone to children, like lazy eye, or those to older adults such as cataracts. But if you are experiencing any of these symptoms or characteristics with your eyes, then you need to see a professional right away.
Technology’s Role in Eye and Vision Care
Doctors and scientists have had great successes with technology and eye health improvement. According to a NY Times article, Orange County NY has become the epicenter of technological eye care advancement with “310 biomedical firms” developing new software and eye care techniques. One of the most popular advancements is Lasik surgery. This procedure can be done at a specialized Lasik eye care center without causing the patient to go through major surgery or recovery. About Lasik surgery, Web MD cites,
-Corrects about 90% of vision.
-Very little pain.
-No bandages or stiches.
-Adjustments can be made later in life.
Your eyes are a major part of your overall body’s function. Take the time to learn about and implement proper eye care so you can have healthy eyes and vision.