Cancer is a life threatening illness. Cancer occurs due to uncontrolled cell growth in any part of the human system. Initially, the impairment of the cells forms lumps, which later interferes with the normal digestive and blood circulation system, of the human physical structure. However, early detection and proper tests can reduce the malefic effects of cancer, according to health care experts.
What causes cancer?
The Cancer Research Team in U.K has recently come up with startling facts about the causes of this disease. Reports suggest that, 25% of men suffer from cancer due to smoking while for women its 14%. 6.9% of women suffered from this disease due to obesity whereas 4.9% male had cancer due to eating disorders.
Some of the common causes of cancer are
- Tobacco – besides lung cancer it increases the risk for cancers of the mouth, lips, nasal cavity larynx, throat, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, uterus, cervix, colon/rectum and ovary.
- Poor diet and heavy intake of fried foods and soft drinks
- Too much exposure to UV and high radiation rays
- Exposure to harmful chemicals
What causes cancer in non-smokers and non-drinkers is still not known.
Sometimes people suffering from cancer tend to ignore its symptoms in the initial stage. With proper diagnosis and medicines it can be cured to a great extent. If you’re having the below mentioned symptoms for a considerable time you should immediately consult a good doctor. Signs you cannot afford to ignore are—
- Sudden weight changes
- Continuous cough
- Difficulty in swallowing food along with consistent indigestion
- Yellowing or darkening of the skin
- Hoarse voice
In some cases doctors, point out that certain genetic factors or hormonal disorders may be the reason for the growth of cancer cells in a body. Though there are different types of cancer, yet specific tests are prescribed for better diagnosis.
- Women suffering from breast cancer need to undergo mammogram to see if there’s any lump. In this case, preliminary tests begin by determining the blood cell counts to see if the blood cell count is normal or not. Another vital test, Hematocrit is done to see the actual presence of red blood cells in the whole body.
- Those who are diagnosed with cervical cancer need to take a pap test which is similar to blood count test. HPV test is done on the other hand to see the presence of DNA and RNA; these tests are done to check the detection of any abnormalities in the gland.
- Body imaging procedures are done to undertake pictures of relevant parts of the body through CT scans and MRIs. In CT scan, X-rays are used to the check the wide sections of the human body.
- MRI is done to see the brain cells and the functioning of the heart valves. Bone scan is done in cancer to identify if the cancer has spread to the bones; those suffering from prostate and breast cancer have to undergo this test.
- Certain genetic tests DNA samples are collected to ascertain if there’s any gene deformity in the patient. Research indicates that Prostate cancer, ovarian cancer and Endocrine cancer occurs due gene mutations.
- Biopsy is the most essential test done to check cancer; here a small surgical incision is done by collecting some cells from the body. Image guided biopsy is done to access those areas which cannot be checked through MRIs.
You can also consult some home care agencies like UKHCA.co.uk, maximhomecare.com, Clada Care Providers.com, homehealthcareagencies.com that provide the palliative care service for cancer patient.