Buffalo hump is actually referred to a lump of fat that develops at the top of the back, just between the shoulders. This fat deposition can occur from several conditions characterized by an increase in glucocorticoid or cortisol levels in the bloodstream. This disease is also seen as a side effect of some medications used to treat HIV/AIDS. Generally speaking, aged males are affected by buffalo hump in greater proportion.
It is said that Buffalo Hump itself is not a condition but is the symptom of an underlying condition. There are several causes that can result in this fat deposition disease but the most common and the most important one is hormonal imbalance and exuberant aggregation of fat. Hormonal imbalance occurs because of the elevated levels of cortisol released by the adrenal glands.
The second possible cause for buffalo hump is AIDS medications like cortisone, hydrocortisone and prednisone. Other causes include excessive use of steroids, obesity, Cushing’s syndrome, adrenocortical carcinoma (tumor in adrenal gland) and adrenal hyperplaxia. Problems related to pituitary glands such as growth of tumors can also result in buffalo hump pain. Those suffering from diabetes can be affected by buffalo hump obesity. Another common cause is osteoporosis that leads to slimming and weakening of bones that result in abnormal shape of the neck. Apart from all, lipodystrophy is one of biggest cause of buffalo hump among most patients.
Though symptoms vary from one patient to another but there are some common symptoms that vary depending on the condition of the person affected by this fat deposition disease. If you are at risk of being affected by buffalo hump, you should be well aware of the symptoms mentioned below:
- Enlargement of breast and chest
- Decrease range in motion
- Bulging out belly
- High blood pressure
- Frequent urination
- Loss of strength
- Restriction in movement
- Muscle cramps
- Severe changes in physical appearance
- Curvature of spine
- Excessive hair growth
- Swelling of limbs, buttocks, etc.
Buffalo Hump Treatment
Before treating buffalo hump it is important to know the exact cause that resulted in this medical condition. If it has occurred because of some medication, you should consult with your doctor. Generally what the doctors do in such situations is, adjust the dosage or medications to reduce your hump.
If it has occurred because of obesity, you will be told to reduce it by constructing a healthy diet and exercise. Other treatment options include radiation therapy, cosmetic surgery medication, hormonal therapy and many more. Whatever the cause may be, consult with your doctor to find out the best course of treatment.
Individuals affected by severe hump may have to undergo surgeries to get rid of this disease. Surgery undergone to remove fat can be an effective option but this method or procedure has not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, especially for those having HIV/AIDS. The main goal of the surgery is the deformity correction and lasting relief of the body affected by this disease. Some of the common surgeries that the doctors undergo for treating buffalo hump are –
Balloon Kyphoplasty: The procedure takes place by inserting a balloon on the affected part of the body and then it is filled with cement.
Ultrasonic Assisted Liposuction: This procedure is much more efficient than that of standard liposuction surgery. The procedure can result in significant improvement of your body.
Liposuction Buffalo Hump Removal: this is all about removal of hump from the affected area. But this procedure can result in complication such as bumpiness.
Tumescent Liposuction: This surgery is said to be much safer than the ultrasonic one. This surgery is designed to eliminate large amount of fatty deposits from our body.
Patients are suggested to consult their doctors in case they are affected by any of the symptoms mentioned above. Don’t let the disease grow severe: it can harm or affect your whole body if proper treatment is not done.
This site is for information and support only and NOT a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment!